Good for Climate Biodiversity and People

Harmony for Sustainability in Tourism, Travel and Development


Prosperous tourism is inextricably linked to attractive and healthy environments. The degradation to ecosystems has a direct impact on national tourism income potential.

The majority of the Tourism and Tourism Development would like to ensure that their industry has a Net Positive Impact for Climate and Biodiversity, its how to do this credibly, authentically and simply; while retaining prosperity.

We start this process by assessing the harms being done to nature, through an audit of Green House Gasses and Impacts upon Oceans, Fresh Water, Land, and Plant and Animal Biodiversity.
These audits are based on methodologies supported by the UN System of Environmental Economic Accounting and the Natural Capital Coalition


Scope of Potential Harms:





(scope 3)

  • CO2 (carbon dioxide – global warming
  • Methane
  • Nitrogen & Sulphur oxides 
  • Particulates
  • Ozone depletion (CFC’s, HCFC’s)
  • Other harmful air pollutants 
  • Measuring Carbon Dioxide and other GHG gasses through CO2 equivalence has been established
  • CO2 $51 US per ton, based on USA Interagency working group
  • Methane $1500 US per ton, 
  • NO2 $18,000 per ton
  • The costs of road traffic related air pollution in Europe has been estimated in 2016 as € 66.7 billion; diesel vehicles contributed 83% of these costs




  • Biodiversity reduction 
  • Extinctions
  • Deforestation
  • Mono-cultures of trees, plants or animals
  • UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) Ecosystem  Economic approach



  • Nano particles (e.g. zinc oxide NP)
  • Plastic and plastic micro-particles
  • Hazardous wastes and Eco-Toxins
  • Fertiliser runoff
  • Sewage in rivers and sea
  • Water scarcity
  • UN SEEA Ecosystem Economic for Water
  • Deloitte, cost of removing plastic waste from the marine environment, Cost  per person globally is $1.61, but this cost varies according to region.
  • Fisheries financial impacts 
  • There is an estimated 8m ton of plastic pollution enter the world’s oceans every year, Plastic waste is reported to cost up to $33,000 per ton in reduced environmental value



  • Soil erosion
  • Habitat loss
  • Waste landfill
  • Toxins in soil
  • UN SEEA Ecosystem  Economic land approach


  • Disease and Pathogens spread
  • Loss of culture 
  • Loss of historic artifacts
  • Loss of sustainable employment
  • Low wage or poor work conditions
  • Discrimination and exploitation
  • Reduced prospects & Intergenerational Injustice
  • Potential gain or loss of tourism revenue, if the culture or heritage site were not there or was seriously eroded, based on similar sites locally, regionally or internationally.
  • Gender race inequalities there is significant data on economic impacts
  • National Level via the Happiness Index

The Role of the Guest and Consumer

The greatest influencers on how a destination impacts upon ecosystems and biodiversity, are the guests and travelers.
They want to know that the resort in its development and operation is a net positive contributor to the environment.
And how the they can ensure and contribute to:

• tackling climate change
• preventing biodiversity loss;
• restoring species and ecosystems;

the Planet Gratuity, placed on the bill as a deserved thank you and give back to the Environment, for its outstanding service to the production and maintenance of these gorgeous locations and products.

The gratuity is calculated based on the True Value of each guests impacts upon the climate and environment, but with a little bit more, (one percent above neutral) to ensure their impact is positive. This gratuity goes directly back towards the preservation and restoration of nature.

Tourism & Biodiversity

UNWTO “The sudden fall in tourism cuts off funding for biodiversity conservation. Some 7% of world tourism relates to wildlife, a segment growing by 3% annually. The impact on biodiversity and ecosystems is critical. In many African destinations, wildlife accounts for up to 80% of visits, and tourism revenues enable marine conservation efforts. Several examples of community involvement in nature tourism show how communities, including indigenous peoples, have been able to protect their cultural and natural heritage while creating wealth and improve their wellbeing.